Vaasan yliopisto

Opiskelijoille | Henkilökunnalle | Vieraille

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Faculty of Humanities



This Diploma Supplement follows the model developed by the European Commission, Council of Europe and UNESCO/CEPES. The purpose of this supplement is to provide sufficient independent data to improve the international 'transparency' and fair academic and professional recognition of qualifications (diplomas, degrees, certificates, etc.) It is designed to provide a description of the nature, level, context, content and status of the studies that were pursued and successfully completed by the individual named on the original qualification to which this supplement is appended. It should be free of any value-judgements, equivalence statements or suggestions about recognition. Information should be provided in all eight sections. Where information is not provided, a reason should be given.


Family name, given names            Humanisti, Hilma
Date of birth                                 20 January 1975
Student identification number        xxx


Title conferred                             Humanististen tieteiden kandidaatti
Main field of study                       Swedish
Name and status of awarding institution
                                                 Vaasan yliopisto (University of Vaasa, Faculty of Humanities), state recognized university, Decree                                                   on Higher Education Degree
                                                  Structure 464/1998
Name and status of insti tution administering studies     
                                                 Not applicable
Language of instruction               Finnish


Level of qualification                    See page 3, item 8. First-cycle university degree.
Official length of programme        The degree consists of at least 180 credits, 3 years of full-time study.
Access requirements                  See page 3, item 8.
                                                 There is numerus clausus, i.e. restricted entry, to all fields of study.


Mode of study                             Full-time
Programme requirements             Main subject:Swedish, basic and intermediate studies, 70 credits, including B.A.Thesis . Minor                                                   subject: English, basic studies, 25 credits. Compulsory language skills achieved in Swedish and                                                   English.
See transcript of records
The aim of the studies (see page 3, item 8).
Programme details                       See transcript of records
Grading scheme                          Scale
5 Erinomainen/Excellent
4 Erittäin hyvä/Very Good
3 Hyvä/Good
2 Tyydyttävä/Satisfactory
1 Välttävä/Sufficient
Overall classification of the qualification
                                                   Not applicable


Access to further study                Eligible for second-cycle university studies
Professional status                      Under the Finnish legislation, a person who has taken thedegree of humanististen tieteiden                                                   kandidaatti is qualified for posts or positions in the public sector for which the qualification                                                   requirement is a first-cycle degree.
The degree falls under the Council Directive 89/48/EEC of 21 December 1988 on a general                                                   system for the recognition of higher education diplomas awarded on completion of professional                                                   education and training of at least three years' duration.


Additional information                   70 credits awarded by the university of Tampere are included in this Bachelor's degree.

Further information sources           http://www.uwasa .fi


Date                                           VAASA, 30 September 2005


Capacity                                                   Dean                                                   Study Coordinator

Official stamp or seal



The Finnish education system consists of basic education, general and vocational upper secondary education, higher education and adult education. The basic education consists of a 9-year compulsory school for all children from 7 to 16 years of age.

Post-compulsory education is given by general upper secondary schools and vocational institutions. The general upper secondary school provides a 3-year general education curriculum, at the end of which the pupil takes the national Matriculation examination (ylioppilastutkinto/studentexamen). Vocational institutions provide 3-year programmes, which lead to upper secondary vocational qualifications (ammatillinen perustutkinto/yrkesinriktad grundexamen).

General eligibility for higher education is given by the Matriculation examination and the upper secondary vocational qualification. These qualifications require at least 12 years of schooling. Equivalent foreign qualifications also give general eligibility for higher education.

The Finnish higher education system comprises 20 universities (yliopisto/universitet) and 29 polytechnics (ammattikorkeakoulu, AMK/yrkeshögskola, YH). Ten of the universities are multi-faculty universities and ten are specialised institutions. All universities engage in both education and research and have the right to award doctorates. The polytechnics are multi-field institutions of professional higher education. Polytechnics engage in applied research and development.

Higher education studies are measured in credits (opintopiste/studiepoäng). Study courses are quantified according to the work load required. One year of studies is equivalent to 1600 hours of student work on the average and is defined as 60 credits. The credit system complies with the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS).

8.1. University degrees

The Government Decree on University Degrees (794/2004) defines the objectives, extent and overall structure of degrees. The universities decide on the detailed contents and structure of the degrees they award. They also decide on their curricula and forms of instruction.

8.1.1. First-cycle university degree

The first-cycle university degree consists of at least 180 credits (3 years of full-time study). The degree is called kandidaatti/kandidat in all fields of study except Law (oikeusnotaari/rättsnotarie) and Pharmacy (farmaseutti/farmaceut). The determined English translation for all these degrees is Bachelor’s degree, the most common degrees being the Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science.

Studies leading to the degree provide the student with: (1) knowledge of the fundamentals of the major and minor subjects or corresponding study entities or studies included in the degree programme and the prerequisites for following developments in the field; (2) knowledge and skills needed for scientific thinking and the use of scientific methods or knowledge and skills needed for artistic work; (3) knowledge and skills needed for studies leading to a higher university degree and for continuous learning; (4) a capacity for applying the acquired knowledge and skills to work; and (5) adequate language and communication skills.

Studies leading to the degree may include: basic and intermediate studies; language and communication studies; interdisciplinary programmes; other studies and work practice for professional development. The degree includes a Bachelor’s thesis (6 – 10 credits).

8.1.2. The second-cycle university degree

The second-cycle university degree consists of at least 120 credits (2 years of full-time study). The extent of studies required for a programme leading to the second cycle university degree which is geared towards foreign students is a minimum of 90 credits. The degree is usually called maisteri/magister. Other second-cycle degree titles are diplomi-insinööri/diplomingenjör (Technology), proviisori/provisor (Pharmacy) and arkkitehti/arkitekt (Architecture). The determined English translation for all these degrees is Master’s degree, the most common degrees being the Master of Arts or Master of Science. The second-cycle university degree title in the fields of Medicine, Veterinary Medicine and Dentistry is lisensiaatti/licentiat, the English title being Licentiate. The admission requirement for the second-cycle university degree is a first-cycle degree.

In the fields of Medicine and Dentistry the university may arrange the education leading to the second-cycle university degree without including a first-cycle university degree in the education. In Medicine the degree consists of 360 credits (6 years of full-time study) and in Dentistry the degree consists of 300 credits (5 years of full-time study).

Studies leading to the second-cycle university degree provide the student with: (1) good overall knowledge of the major subject or a corresponding entity and conversance with the fundamentals of the minor subject or good knowledge of the advanced studies included in the degree programme; (2) knowledge and skills needed to apply scientific knowledge and scientific methods or knowledge and skills needed for independent and demanding artistic work; (3) knowledge and skills needed for independently operating as an expert and developer of the field; (4) knowledge and skills needed for scientific or artistic postgraduate education; and (5) good language and communication skills.

The studies leading to the second-cycle university degree may include: basic and intermediate studies and advanced studies; language and communication studies; interdisciplinary study programmes; other studies; and internship improving expertise. The degree includes a Master’s thesis (20 – 40 credits).

8.2. Doctoral degrees

Students can apply for doctoral studies after the completion of a relevant second-cycle degree. The aim of doctoral studies is to provide student with an in-depth knowledge of their field of research and capabilities to produce novel scientific knowledge independently.

A pre-doctoral degree of lisensiaatti/licentiat (Licentiate) may be taken before the Doctor's degree and in general it takes 2 years of full-time study to complete.

The Doctor’s degree takes approximately 4 years to complete after the second-cycle degree or 2 further years following the pre-doctoral degree. A student who has been admitted to complete the Doctor’s degree must complete a given amount of studies, show independent and critical thinking in the field of research and write a Doctor’s dissertation and defend it in public.





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© Vaasan yliopisto | kirjaamo@uwasa.fi | 29.6.2005